ຄຳສາຣະພາບຜີດ ຂອງສເດັດເຈົ້າສຸພານຸວົງ - La confession de Souphanouvong !!
**Souphanouvong Is Dead at 82 - Laos Prince Helped Fight U.S.
Prince Souphanouvong, the "Red Prince" of Laos who fought with the Vietcong and Pathet Lao guerrillas against the United States in Indochina and later became his country's president, died on Monday, the Laotian radio reported. He was 82.
The radio, monitored in Bangkok, said that the Prince had suffered from heart disease and called his death a severe blow to the governing Lao People's Revolutionary Party and the nation as a whole.
The Laotian Government decreed five days of mourning, the radio said.
Prince Souphanouvong, a dashing, square-faced and mustachioed man who was known as a charming and intelligent conversationalist, was named President of the Laotian People's Democratic Republic after the Communist victory in Indochina in 1975. He stepped down from the largely ceremonial post in 1986 because of failing health, turning the position over to Kaysone Phomvihane.
The Prince represented his country's last link with the 700-year monarchy it abolished in 1975.
Prince Souphanouvong, the only leftist in a family of conservative neutrals, became known as the Red Prince after leading the Communist Pathet Lao through more than two decades of guerrilla warfare against the rightist Government led by his half-brother, Prince Souvanna Phouma.
The struggle between the two Princes for control of the landlocked kingdom dominated the history of Laos from its independence from France in 1953 until the Communist victory in December 1975.
A cousin of former King Savang Vatthana, the Prince became interested in Marxism while studying civil engineering in France in the 1930's. Although he never called himself a Communist, he said he learned about Communism working for a year on the docks in Le Havre, France, after finishing college.
He returned home to join the "Free Laos" movement against French colonial rule in the 1940's and was wounded in 1946 in a battle against French forces.
In 1950, the Prince forged an alliance with Communist forces in neighboring Vietnam, led by Ho Chi Minh, to fight French colonial rule in Indochina.
After the Geneva Conference of 1954 gave Laos full independence, the Prince and his brother tried to work together in a coalition Government in Vientiane with Prince Souvanna Phouma as Prime Minister. But fighting broke out between the Government and Pathet Lao forces in 1959 after a right-wing Government took power.
After being arrested, Prince Souphanouvong reportedly converted his jailers to his cause and escaped with them in a thunderstorm, walking 300 miles to the Pathet Lao mountain retreat.
After the United States began supporting the Government in South Vietnam in 1963, Prince Souphanouvong fled Laos and helped lead the Pathet Lao struggle from abroad or underground until the Communist victory in 1975.
He married a Vietnamese woman who was a Communist Party member, and they reportedly had 11 children.